"Science may set limits to knowledge, but should not set limits to imagination."
Dr. Lillian A. Rankel received a PhD from Princeton University in Chemistry and worked as a research chemist for Mobil. Upon leaving Mobil, Lillian became a high school science teacher at Hopewell Valley High School in Pennington, NJ.This is where she was introduced to a mainstreamed student who is blind in her high-level chemistry class.
Marilyn D. Winograd is dually certified, as an Elementary Educator, and Teacher of the Blind and Visually Impaired (BVI). She worked for many years as an itinerant Education Consultant for the New Jersey Commission for the BVI. Now, she does private consulting, early intervention, Braille instruction, materials preparation and teacher training.
Lillian Rankel, a science teacher and Marilyn Winograd, Teacher of the Visually Impaired (TVI), were members of the ILAB (Independent Laboratory Access for the Blind, http://ilab.psu.edu) team from Penn State University, which was funded by the National Science Foundation. The team researched ways to modify equipment and materials so blind students could be fully integrated in the classroom and laboratory. In the summer of 2009, Marilyn and Lillian traveled to Kenya to conduct a one-week workshop for teachers at the Thika High School for the Blind. The goal of this workshop was to instruct the teachers how to teach Chemistry and Physics to totally blind students.